Bursitis, as the name implies, is inflammation of one or more synovial vesicles (pouches filled with fluid). The synovial bursae are located in places in places where the muscles and tendons move over the bones. Synovial bursae reduce friction, moisturize the joints and facilitate slipping of the muscles and tendons during movement. When bursitis occurs, the joint becomes swollen and painful. Pain is further aggravated by movement.
Due to inflammation, the bursa becomes excessively sensitive, swelling around the affected joint occurs. Pain intensification may be various. This is followed by a sudden and significant injury causing pressure, but more often as a result of constant tension.
WHOM DOES IT CONCER?
It usually develops between the 15th and the 50th year of age. Sharp or chronic bursitis is usually seen in people who practice sports or engage in activities that require repetitive movements. Due to the pressure exerted on the joint during kneeling, those particularly exposed to bursitis are:
Another cause of deep bursitis is:
- inflammation of bacterial origin
- degenerative diseases
Bursitis occurs most commonly in the areas of the joint such as:
- it may also affect other joints
The following synovial bones are distinguished:
- I - Placed between the bone protuberance and the deep muscle area, such as the hip and pubic burse
- II - Placed between the tendon and bone structure or a muscle that is placed more superficially, e.g. the hip tendon
- III - Located between the tendon and ligaments of the joint, e.g. pes anserinus bursa
- IV - Placed between the bone apophysis, between the appendix and the ligament, or moving muscles relative to each other, such as the vertebral bursa
- The sick limb should be immobilized in gypsum, a rail or sling
- Cold compresses can be used (several times a day)
- Three days after the occurrence of symptoms, warm compresses or anti-rheumatic ointments can be used.
- Physiotherapy (sollux lamp, ultrasound, electrotherapy)
- If necessary, painkillers should be taken
Whereas, if the inflammation of the synovial bursa, which is not caused by bacteria, persists for a long time, it can be removed surgically. On the other hand, when inflammation is caused by bacteria, the doctor must ensure the outflow of pus from the bursa using a cut. In further treatment, antibiotics and supplementation are recommended with preparations containing hyaluronic acid and chondroitin.
Prophylaxis of joint bursa inflammations associated with tissue overload is based on taking high levels of hyaluronic acid and chondroitin. Over time, the amount of these two naturally occurring components in the body diminishes significantly, with the result of reduced synovial fluid production, worse cushioning and friction in the joint.
A supplement in the form of a drinkable liquid:
- supplies the proper amount of hyaluronic acid and chondroitin to the worn tissues
- accelerates the regeneration of articular cartilage
- provides adequate lubrication in the joint
- reduces the likelihood of synovitis
Author: mgr Magda Łazarska